the plants

the flora of our 3/4 acre of suburbia

This inventory includes our garden and houseplants, but also trees, shrubs and weeds -- just any plants at all that are growing in our yard (or that routinely show up, as is the case with the weeds).  Nearly all of these plants are common to gardens and natural places all across the Carolina piedmont, but we do have a few less common varieties.  We like to use native plants and we are adding more as we go along.  We have dry, shady conditions here and lots of deer and voles, so we keep several beloved non-natives, like hellebores and daffodils, which are superb under these circumstances.  The list is a work in progress, as is the garden.

I would be glad to answer any questions you might have about my experience with any of these plants, just email me.

Shrubs:
Aucuba (Aucuba japonica 'Gold Dust') Cornaceae
Azalea, white heirloom variety (Rhododendron sp.)  Ericaceae
Azalea, fragrant white  (R.  indicum 'G. G. Gerbing')  Ericaceae
Azalea, lavender/pink  (R.  indicum 'George L. Tabor')
Azalea, red/pink  (R.  indicum 'Pride of Mobile')  Ericaceae
Azalea, pink  (R.  kurume  'Coral Bells')  Ericaceae
Azalea, white  (Rhododendron 'Snow')  Ericaceae
Azalea, white (Rhododendron 'Delaware Valley White')  Ericaceae
Azalea, red  (Rhododendron 'Mother's Day')  Ericaceae
Azalea, Plumleaf  (Rhododendron prunifolium)  Ericaceae *
Beautyberry (Callicarpa dichotoma 'Early Amethyst') Verbenaceae
Beautybush  (Kolkwitzia amabilis)  Caprifoliaceae
Blueberry, Rabbiteye (Vaccinium ashei 'Climax') Ericaceae*
Blueberry (Vaccinium x 'Sunshine Blue') Ericaceae*
Boxwood  (Buxus sempervirens)  Buxaceae
Butterfly bush  (Buddleja davidii 'Black Knight')  Buddlejaceae
Butterfly bush  (Buddleja 'Lochinch')  Buddlejaceae
Butterfly bush  (Buddleja davidii 'Pink Delight')  Buddlejaceae
Butterfly bush, white  (Buddleja 'White Profusion')  Buddlejaceae
Camellia, white  (C.  sasanqua 'Setsugekka')  Theaceae
Camellia, red  (C.  sasanqua 'Yuletide')  Theaceae
Camellia red  (C. japonica 'Professor Charles Sargent')  Theaceae
Cherry Laurel  (Prunus laurocerasus 'Otto Luyken')  Rosaceae
Cleyera  (Ternstroemia gymnanthera)  Theaceae
Euonymus  (Euonymus kiautschovica 'Manhattan')  Celastraceae
Florida Anise  (Illicium floridanum)  Illiciaceae *
Forsythia  (Forsythia sp.)  Oleaceae
Fothergilla (Fothergilla gardenii) Hamamelidaceae *
Gardenia  (Gardenia jasminoides 'Frostproof')  Rubiaceae
Gardenia  (Gardenia jasminoides 'August Beauty')  Rubiaceae
Hinoki Cypress  (Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Pygmaea')
Honeysuckle, Winter  (Lonicera fragrantissima)  Caprifoliaceae
Hydrangea, Climbing  (Hydrangea petiolaris)  Hydrangeaceae
Hydrangea  (Hydrangea macrophylla  'Penny Mac')  Hydrangeaceae
Hydrangea  (Hydrangea macrophylla 'Endless Summer')  Hydrangeaceae
Hydrangea  (Hydrangea paniculata 'Pinky Winky')  Hydrangeacea
Hydrangea  (Hydrangea paniculata 'Kyushu')  Hydrangeaceae
Hydrangea, Oakleaf  (H.  quercifolia 'Alice')  Hydrangeaceae *
Hydrangea, Oakleaf  (H.  quercifolia 'Pee Wee')  Hydrangeaceae *
Hydrangea, Oakleaf  (H. quercifolia 'Semmes Beauty')  *
Japanese Plum Yew  (Cephalotaxus herringtonia)  Cephalotaxaceae
Leucothoe (Leucothoe fontanesiana 'Scarletta') Ericaceae*
Loropetalum, white  (Loropetalum chinense)  Hamamelidaceae
Mahonia (Mahonia bealei)  Berberidaceae
Mahonia (Mahonia eurybracteata 'Soft Caress') Berberidaceae
Mulberry  (Morus sp.)  Moraceae
Nandina  (Nandina domestica)  Berberidaceae
Pieris  (Pieris japonica 'Mountain Fire')  Ericaceae
Pieris  (Pieris japonica 'Temple Bells')  Ericaceae
Rose (Rosa 'Flower Carpet Amber')  Rosaceae
Rose  (Rosa 'Gruss an Aachen')  Rosaceae
Spirea  (Spiraea japonica 'Little Princess')  Rosaceae
Sweetbox, Himalayan  (Sarcococca humilis)  Buxaceae
Sweetbox  (Sarcococca confusa)  Buxaceae
Sweetshrub (Calycanthus x raulstonii 'Hartlage Wine') Calycanthaceae**
Sweetspire (Itea virginica 'Henry's Garnet')  Grossulariacae *
Tea Olive  (Osmanthus x fortunei)  Oleaceae
Viburnum, Snowball Bush (V. opulus) Caprifoliaceae
Viburnum  (V. plicatum f. tomentosum  'Shasta')  Caprifoliaceae
Winterberry Holly (Ilex verticillata 'Winter Red') Aquifoliaceae*
Winterberry Holly (Ilex verticillata 'Southern Gentleman') *
Witch Hazel (Hamamelis x intermedia 'Jelena')  Hamamelidaceae


Perennials and Groundcovers:
Ajuga  (Ajuga reptans)  Lamiaceae
Ajuga (Ajuga reptans 'Black Scallop') Lamiaceae
Ajuga (Ajuga reptans 'Chocolate Chip') Lamiaceae
Amsonia (Amsonia hubrichtii)  Apocynaceae
Anemone (Anemone hupehensis var. japonica 'Pamina') Ranunculaceae
Anemone (Anemone hupensis 'Pink Saucer') Ranunculaceae
Anemone (Anemone hupensis 'September Charm') Ranunculaceae
Arum, Italian (Arum italicum)  Araceae
Aster, Double Japanese (Kalimeris pinnatifida)  Asteraceae
Aster, Heath (Symphyotrichum ericoides) Asteraceae *
Aster, New York (Symphotrichum novi-belgii 'Hazy') Asteraceae *
Aster (Aster hyb. 'Twist')
Aster (Kalimeris indisa 'Blue Star')  Asteraceae
Aster  (Aster x frikartii 'Monch')  Asteraceae
Autumn Fern  (Dryopteris erythrosora)  Dryopteridaceae
Beardtongue (Penstemon digitalis 'Husker Red') Scrophulariaceae *
Beardtongue (Penstemon 'Red Riding Hood') Scrophulariaceae *
Black-eye Susan (Rudbeckia fulgida 'Goldsturm')  Asteraceae
Bleeding Heart, fringed (Dicentra eximia) Fumariacae
Bowman's Root (Gillenia trifoliata) Rosaceae *
Bowman's Root, pink (Gillenia trifoliata 'Pink Profusion)*
Campanula  (C. punctata 'Cherry Bells')  Campanulaceae
Cheddar Pink (Dianthus gratianopolitanus 'Tiny Rubies')  Caryophyllaceae
Cheddar Pink (Dianthus pontederae 'Rachel')  Caryophyllaceae
Chrysanthemum, peach/pink  (C.x 'Niche's October Glow')  Asteraceae
Chrysanthemum, a variety of colors  (Chrysanthemum morifolium)
Clover, black-leaved (Trifolium repens 'Pentaphyllum')  Fabaceae
Columbine (Aquilegia canadensis) Ranunculaceae *
Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea 'Prairie Splendor') *
Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea 'Rubinstern')  Asteraceae *
Coral Bells (Heuchera americana 'Dale's Strain') Saxifragaceae *
Coral Bells  (Heuchera micrantha 'Palace Purple') Saxifragaceae
Coreopsis (C. 'Redshift') Asteraceae *
Crane-fly Orchid  (Tipularia discolor)  Orchidaceae *
Creeping Jenny  (Lysimachia nummularia 'Aurea')  Primulacae
Daisy, Shasta (Chrysanthemum x superbum 'Becky') Asteraceae
Daylily  (Hemerocallis spp.)  Hemerocallidaceae
     H. 'Calypso Coral'
     H. 'Daring Deception'
     H. 'Darius'
     H. 'Dream Legacy'
     H. 'Fairytale Pink'
     H. 'Jolyene Nichole'
     H. 'Moonlit Masquerade'
     H. 'Pandora's Box'
     H. 'Prairie Wildfire'
     H. 'Siloam Sugar Time'
     H. 'Stella d'Oro'
     H. 'Theresa Hall'
Dianthus (Dianthus 'Frosty Fire')  Caryophyllaceae
Dwarf Mondo  (Ophiopogon japonicus 'Nana')  Ruscaceae
Fairy Thimbles (Campanula cochlearifolia 'Bavaria Blue') Campanulaceae
Foam Flower (Tiarella wherryi) Saxifragaceae *
Gay Feather, white  (Liatris spicata)  Asteraceae *
Green and Gold (Chrysogonum virginianum) Asteraceae *
Golden Globes (Lysimachia congestiflora 'Walkabout') Primulaceae
Goldenrod  (Solidago rugosa 'Fireworks')  Asteraceae *
Hellebore (Helleborus 'Pine Knot')  Ranunculaceae
Hellebore (Helleborus sp.)  Ranunculaceae
Heron's Bill (Erodium reichardii 'Charm') Geraniaceae
Ice Plant (Delosperma dyeri)  Aizoaceae
Ice Plant (Delosperma 'Osberg')  Aizoaceae
Iris, dwarf crested (Iris cristata)  Iridaceae *
Iris, dwarf crested (Iris cristata 'Tennessee White') Iridaceae *
Iris, Siberian  (Iris siberica)  Iridaceae
Iris, white heirloom  (Iris albicans)  Iridaceae
Jacob's Ladder (Polemonium caeruleum) Polemoniaceae *
Lady's Mantle (Alchemilla sericata 'Goldstrike')
Lamb's Ears (Stachys byzantina)  Lamiaceae
Lamb's Ears (Stachys byzantina 'Silver Carpet')  Lamiaceae
Leopard plant  (Farfugium japonicum 'Jitsuko's Star')  Asteraceae
Liriope  (Liriope muscari)  Ruscaceae
Mazus  (Mazus reptans)  Scrophulariaceae
Obedient Plant (Physostegia virginiana 'Crown of Snow') *
Obedient Plant (Physostegia virginiana 'Crystal Peak') *
Pachysandra  (Pachysandra procumbens)  Buxaceae *
Parrot Lily  (Alstroemeria psittacina)  Amaryllidaceae
Peony (Paeonia) Paeoniacae
Periwinkle  (Vinca minor)  Apocynaceae
Phlox, magenta/purple  (Phlox paniculata) Polemoniaceae
Phlox, creeping (Phlox stolonifera 'Sherwood Purple') *
Phlox, Woodland (Phlox divaricata 'Chattahoochee') *
Phlox, Woodland (P. divaricata 'Blue Moon') Polemoniaceae *
Pratia (Pratia angulata 'Treadwellii')  Campanulaceae
Pratia (Pratia pedunculata 'County Park')  Campanulaceae
Rudbeckia (R. nitida 'Herbstonne') Asteraceae *
Rudbeckia (R. subtomentosa 'Henry Eilers') Asteraceae *
Sage, Mealycup (Salvia farinacea 'Victoria Blue') Lamiaceae
Saxifraga (Saxifraga x arendisii 'Touran') Saxifragaceae
Sedum (Sedum acre) Crassulaceae
Sedum  (Sedum rupestre 'Angelina')  Crassulaceae
Sedum (Sedum spurium 'John Creech') Crassulaceae
Sensitive Fern (Onoclea sensibilis) Dryopteridaceae *
Speedwell, creeping (Veronica 'Waterperry Blue')  Scrophulariaceae
Spiderwort  (Tradescantia  'Sweet Kate')  Commelinaceae *
Spiderwort, dwarf  (T. virginiana 'Little Doll')  Commelinaceae *
Spiderwort  (T. virginiana 'Danielle')  Commelinaceae *
Spike Speedwell (Veronica spicata 'Goodness Grows') Plantaginaceae
Snow-in-Summer (Cerastium tomentosum) Caryophyllaceae
Sunflower, Swamp (Helianthus angustifolius)  Asteraceae *
Wood Aster, white (Aster divaricatus 'Eastern Star') Asteraceae *
Yarrow (Achillea tomentosa 'King Edward') Asteraceae 
Yarrow  (Achillea taygetea 'Mooshine')  Asteraceae
Yarrow (Achillea millefolium 'Paprika')  Asteraceae *


Herbs:
Basil, BI's Custom Blend (Ocimum basilicum var.) Lamiaceae
Basil, boxwood (Ocimum basilicum) Lamiaceae
Basil, lemon (Ocimum basilicum 'Mrs. Burns') Lamiaceae
Basil, lettuce leaf (Ocimum basilicum) Lamiaceae
Borage (Borago officinalis) Boraginaceae
Chives (Allium schoenoprasum) Alliaceae
Cilantro (Coriandrum sativum 'Sabor')  Apiaceae
Corsican Mint (Mentha requienii)  Lamiaceae
Common Dittany (Cunila origanoides) Lamiaceae *
Fennel, bronze  (Foeniculum vulgare 'Purpureum')  Apiaceae
Feverfew  (Tanacetum parthenium)  Asteraceae
Garlic Chives  (Allium tuberosum)  Alliaceae
Horse Balm (Collinsonia canadensis) Lamiaceae *
Horseradish (Amorecia lapathifolia x rusticana) Brassicaceae
Italian Parsley (Petroselinum crispum var. neopolitanum) Apiaceae
Lemon Balm  (Melissa officinalis)  Lamiaceae
Lemon Thyme (Thymus citriodorus 'Variegata')  Lamiaceae
Leopard's Bane (Doronicum caucasicum) Asteraceae
Marjoram (Origanum majorana)  Lamiaceae
Mexican Mint Marigold (Tagetes lucida)  Asteraceae
Nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus 'Tall Single Blend') Tropaeolaceae
Pineapple Sage (Salvia elegans 'Golden Delicious') Lamiaceae
Sage (Salvia officinalis 'Berggarten')  Lamiaceae
Scented Geranium (Pelargonium 'Citrosa') Geraniaceae
Sweet Woodruff (Galium odoratum)  Rubiaceae
St. John's Wort (Hypericum calycinum)  Clusiaceae
St. John's Wort (Hypericum perforatum) Clusiaceae
Stevia (Stevia rebaudiana) Asteraceae
Thyme, orange-scented (Thymus 'Spicy Orange')  Lamiaceae
Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis 'Lib Price')  Lamiaceae
Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus')  Lamiaceae
Wormwood (Artemisia arborescens 'Powis Castle') Asteraceae


Bulbs and Corms:
Crocus (Crocus tomasinianus 'Ruby Giant') Iridaceae
Crocus (Crocus tomasinianus 'Pictus') Iridaceae
Daffodil  (Narcissus spp.)  Amaryllidaceae
     Narcissus 'Accent'
     Narcissus 'Barrett Browning'
     Narcissus 'Chromacolor'
     Narcissus 'Geranium'
     Narcissus 'Ice Follies' 
     Narcissus 'Jetfire'
     Narcissus 'Little Gem'
     Narcissus 'Mon cherie'
     Narcissus 'Pink Radiance'
     Narcissus 'Replete'
     Narcissus 'Romance'
     Narcissus 'Thalia'
     Narcissus 'W. P. Milner'
Golden Bells (Narcissus bulbocodium)  Amaryllidaceae
Iris, Dutch  (Iris 'Cream Beauty')  Iridaceae
Paperwhites  (Narcissus tazetta)  Amaryllidaceae
Snowdrops (Galanthus elwesii)  Amaryllidaceae
Snowdrops (Galanthus nivalis 'Flore Pleno')  Amaryllidaceae
Summer Snowflake  (Leucojum aestivum)  Amaryllidaceae
Tulip (Tulipa 'Little Princess') Liliaceae
Tulip (Tulipa batalini 'Bright Gem') Liliaceae
Tulip (Tulipa batalini 'Red Gem') Liliaceae
Winter Aconite (Eranthus) Ranunculaceae
Wood Hyacinth  (Hyacinthoides hispanica)  Hyacinthaceae


Bog Plants: 
Bog Buttons (Eriocaulon sp.) Eriocaulaceae *
Coppertop Pitcher Plant (Sarracenia flava)  Sarraceniaceae *
Marsh Pink (Sabatia dodecandra)  Gentianaceae *
Orange Milkwort (Polygala lutea)  Polygalaceae *
Pogonia (Pogonia ophioglossoides)  Orchidaceae
Purple Pitcher Plant (Sarracenia purpurea)  Sarraceniaceae *
Spoonleaf Sundew (Drosera spatulata)  Droseraceae
Threadleaf Sundew (Drosera filiformis)  Droseraceae *
Venus Flytrap (Dionaea muscipula)  Droseraceae *
White Top Pitcher Plant (Sarracenia leukophylla)  Sarraceniaceae *


Trees:
Ash  (Fraxinus sp.)   Oleaceae *
Buckeye, Red  (Aesculus pavia)  Hippocastanaceae *
Chamaecyparis  (C. pisifera 'Boulevard')  Cupressaceae
Dogwood  (Cornus florida)  Cornaceae *
Elm, American  (Ulmus americana)  Ulmaceae *
Elm, Winged  (Ulmus alata)  Ulmaceae *
Fringe tree  (Chionanthus virginicus)  Oleaceae *
Hackberry  (Celtis occidentalis)  Ulmaceae *
Hickory, Mockernut  (Carya tomentosa)  Juglandaceae *
Hemlock  (Tsuga canadensis)  Pinaceae *
Hemlock  (Tsuga canadensis 'Emerald King')  Pinaceae *
Japanese maple (A. palmatum 'Beni Schichihenge') Aceraceae
Japanese maple  (Acer palmatum 'Bloodgood')  Aceraceae
Japanese maple  (Acer palmatum var. dissectum)  Aceraceae
Magnolia  (Magnolia grandiflora)  Magnoliaceae *
Maple, Red  (Acer rubrum)  Aceraceae *
Oak, Black  (Quercus velutina)  Fagaceae *
Oak, Blackjack  (Quercus marilandica)  Fagaceae *
Oak, Scarlet  (Quercus coccinea)  Fagaceae *
Oak, Spanish  (Quercus falcata)  Fagaceae *
Oak, Water  (Quercus nigra)  Fagaceae *
Oak, White  (Quercus alba)  Fagaceae *
Oak, Willow  (Quercus phellos)  Fagaceae *
Persimmon  (Diospyros virginiana)  Ebenaceae *
Redbud  (Cercis canadensis)  Fabaceae *
Redbud (Cercis canadensis 'Forest Pansy') Fabaceae *
Red Cedar  (Juniperus virginiana)  Cupressaceae *
River Birch  (Betula nigra)  Betulaceae *
Sweetgum  (Liquidambar styraciflua)  Hamamelidaceae *


Weeds:
Annual Bluegrass (Poa annua)  Poacae
Autumn Olive  (Elaeagnus umbellata)  Eleagnaceae
Bedstraw  (Galium aparine)  Rubiaceae
Bindweed  (Convolvulus arvensis)  Convolvulaceae
Bitter cress  (Cardamine hirsuta)  Brassicacae
Box Elder  (Acer negundo)  Aceraceae
Cat briar  (Smilax sp.)  Smilacaceae 
Chickweed, Common  (Stellaria media)  Caryophyllaceae
Chickweed, Mouse-ear  (Cerastium vulgatum)  Caryophyllaceae
Clover, White  (Trifolium repens)  Fabaceae
Crab grass  (Digitaria spp.)  Poaceae
Crane's-bill  (Geranium carolinanum)  Geraniaceae
Dandelion  (Taraxacum officinale)  Asteraceae
English Ivy  (Hedera helix)  Araliaceae
Henbit  (Lamium amplexicaule)  Lamiaceae
Holly, Chinese  (Ilex cornuta)  Aquifoliacae
Honeysuckle, Japanese  (Lonicera japonica)  Caprifoliaceae
Indian Mock Strawberry (Potentilla indica) Rosaceae
Mimosa  (Albizia julibrissin)  Fabaceae
Modiola (Modiola carolinana)  Malvaceae
Nutsedge  (Cyperus esculentus)  Cyperaceae
Poison Ivy  (Toxicodendron radicans)  Anacardiaceae *
Sourgrass  (Oxalis stricta)  Oxalidaceae
Spurge, Spotted  (Euphorbia maculata)  Euphorbiaceae
Three-seeded Mercury  (Acalypha virginica)  Euphorbiaceae
Tree of Heaven  (Ailanthus altissima)  Simaroubaceae
Trumpet Creeper  (Campsis radicans)  Bignoniaceae *
Purslane  (Portulaca oleracea)  Portulacaceae
Privet, Chinese  (Ligustrum sinense)  Oleaceae
Speedwell  (Veronica persica)  Scrophulariacae
Violet  (Viola papilionacea)  Violaceae *
Virginia Creeper  (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)  Vitaceae *
Wintercreeper  (Euonymus fortunei)  Celastraceae

Fungi
Dog Vomit Slime Mold (Fuligo septica) Physaraceae
Stinkhorn/Witch Egg (Phallus ravenelii) Phallaceae
Yellow Morel (Morchella esculenta) Morchellaceae

Houseplants:
African Violet  (Saintpaulia sp.)  Gesneriaceae
Aloe  (Aloe 'Blue Elf')  Aloaceae
Alternanthera  (Alternanthera dentata)  Amaranthaceae
Amaryllis  (Hippeastrum sp.)  Amaryllidaceae
Begonia, angel-wing (Begonia 'Frosty') Begoniaceae
Begonia (Begonia 'Morocco)  Begoniaceae
Bird of Paradise, white (Strelitzia nicolai)  Strelitziaceae
Coleus  (Solenostemon sp.)  Lamiaceae
Desert Rose (Adenium obesum)  Apocynaceae
Echeveria  (Echeveria sp.)  Crassulaceae
Friendship plant  (Pilea involucrata)  Urticaceae
Grape Ivy  (Cissus rhombifolia)  Vitaceae
Impatiens, double (Impatiens 'Fiesta Ole Peach Sorbet')  Balsaminaceae
Kalanchoe  (K. beharensis 'Fang')  Crassulaceae
Kalanchoe  (K. blossfeldiana)  Crassulaceae
Kalanchoe  (K. tomentosa 'Chocolate Soldier')  Crassulaceae
Mistletoe Cactus  (Rhipsalis micrantha)  Cactaceae
Nerve plant  (Fittonia albivenis)  Acanthaceae
Palm, Majesty  (Ravenea rivularis)  Arecaceae
Peace Lily  (Spathiphyllum sp.)  Araceae
Peruvian Grape Ivy  (Cissus rotundifolia)  Vitaceae
Philodendron  (Philodendron scandens)  Araceae
Philodendron, Split-leaf  (Monstera deliciosa)  Araceae
Philodendron, Fiddle leaf  (P. bipinnatifidum)  Araceae
Pothos  (Epipremnum aureum)  Araceae
Rubber plant  (Ficus elastica)  Moraceae
Sedum  (Sedum hernandezii)  Crassulaceae
Spider plant  (Chlorophytum comosum)  Asparagaceae
Thanksgiving Cactus  (Schlumbergera truncata)  Cactaceae

Garden in the Sky
Cuban Oregano, golden (Plectranthus amboinicus)  Lamiaceae
Curry Plant (Helichrysum italicum) Asteraceae
Love-in-a-Puff Vine (Cardiospermum halicacabum)  Sapindaceae
Redbay  (Persea borbonia)  Lauraceae *
Rose (Rosa 'Alexandra')  Rosaceae
Rose (Rosa 'Flower Carpet White')  Rosaceae
Turk's Cap (Malvaviscus arboreus var. drummondii 'Big Momma') Malvaceae*




* U.S. native plant
** a cross between our native species and an asian species

updated:  April 21, 2013